Platinum group metals (PGM) are critical raw materials (CRM) that are used across multiple industries and in countless applications including but not limited to autocatalytic converters, jewellery, glassware, petrochemical refining, electronics, biomedical, pharmaceuticals, dental implants etc. The primary supply of PGM, through the mining of PGM ores, makes up about 70% of the global supply of PGM. The two dominant producers of PGM are South Africa and Russia, supplying 85% of the mining output of PGM - this leads to a monopoly of the supply chain and price gouging. Recycling PGM-containing waste offers advantages of addressing the supply deficit with less environmental impact compared to mining. However, conventional recycling methods suffer from high energy costs due to high processing temperature of about 1500 oC and requires downstream processing to treat waste which demands higher capital expenditure. Furthermore, the high processing temperatures results in high-value raw materials being burnt in the process and releasing harmful toxins.
This technology offer is a novel biorecovery method that incorporates and modifies a series of different biochemical and biological processes in a simple 3-stage process as opposed to the multi-tiered stages of the current conventional methods used in industry. It offers the following advantages over the competition:
This technology allows companies to recycle their spent catalyst in a truly green and sustainable manner.
The core process and specifications of the technology are summarised as follows:
This technology is for industries that are nterested to recycle their spent catalysts. The potential applications are as follows: